Veterinary Team Member Utilization Assessment Tool

Table 5.3

This tool is not meant to depict a comprehensive list of tasks CrVTs can perform. In addition, the list of tasks is intended to be agnostic about the differences in state practice acts. It is instead meant to give a view of what is and what is not possible based on the current state of the practice.

For each skill/task, place a 1 in the column if that role regularly performs the task and place a 0 in the column if they do not. Total all points for each column. If the Veterinarian column has more than 5 points, consider moving those tasks to CrVTs. While this list is not inclusive of all skills a CrVT could perform, it gives the team a chance to self-evaluate and identify training opportunities. Overall, the list has 4 required tasks for a veterinarian; depending on state veterinary practice acts (or rules and regulations), all other tasks could be delegated to a CrVT or VA (either under direct or indirect supervision), depending on the skill level of the team.

Use this guide to determine the role of each team member within the practice, then seek (or develop) training to elevate the team to an optimal utilization state. Where overlap exists between the roles of the veterinarian and CrVT (for example, client communication, patient care, and team wellbeing), the veterinarian and CrVT should consider creating a document that defines how they will collaborate and support each other in practice.

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Veterinarian Performs

CrVT Performs

Other Veterinary Team Member Performs (VA, CSR)

Not Performed/ Referred Out

Collect urine/fecal samples


Communicate a patient’s prognosis to a client**




Cytology sample collection


Dental charting*


Dental extractions*


Dental local blocks*


Dental prophylaxis*


Dental radiographs


Dental radiographs


Dermatological testing


Diagnose a patient’s condition**


Epidural block*


Esophagostomy tube maintenance


Establish an airway during cardiopulmonary arrest


Feeding tube care


Fill prescriptions


Gastric intubation




Intraosseous catheter placement


IV catheter placement*


IV fluid calculation—maintenance


Manage team roles during cardiopulmonary resuscitation


Medication administration, oral


Medication administration, injectable


Microchip insertion*


Monitor anesthesia parameters and maintain stable anesthetic plane


Monitor emergent/critically ill patient


Nail trims, anal gland expression, ear cleanings


Nasogastric tube placement


Neonatal care/resuscitation


Obtain arterial blood gas sample


Obtain diagnostic electrocardiogram


On-site triage


Ophthalmological testing (Schirmer tear test, fluorescein staining, tonometry)


Orthopedic radiographs (ventrodorsal shoulder, OFA pelvis, spinal series)


Pain assessment


Patient restraint


Perform chest compressions


Perform euthanasia


Perform initial teletriage


Perform intake physical examination (routine surgery patients, etc.)


Perform point-of-care ultrasounds


Perform surgery**


Peripheral catheter placement




Physical rehabilitation assessments


Place intravenous catheter and administer resuscitative drugs during cardiopulmonary resuscitation


Radiographs (basic)


Recheck appointments


Recover postoperative/ sedated patients


Routine hospital/ clinic cleaning: kennels, laundry, floorcare, etc.


Run and read in-house laboratory tests (urinalysis, complete blood count, chemistry panel, packed cell volume, SNAP tests)


Surgical assisting


Suture/staple removal


Suture existing skin incisions*


Telehealth/ follow-up


Tracheal intubation*


Ultrasound-guided nerve blocks*


Urinary catheter placement (dogs, cats)


Urinary catheter placement/ unblock a male cat


(obtained, monitored) on a nonanesthetized patient


Walk post–orthopedic surgery/neurologic patients


Walk stable canine patients


Write prescriptions**




*State dependent; some practice acts allow VAs or CrVTs to perform tasks as long as a veterinarian is present (on premises or in room).
**These skills/tasks are only performed by a licensed veterinarian.

CrVT, credentialed veterinary technician; CSR, customer service representative; OFA, Orthopedic Foundation for Animals; VA, veterinary assistant.

The 2023 AAHA Technician Utilization Guidelines are generously supported by CareCredit, Hill’s Pet Nutrition, and IDEXX.

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