Due to an increase in recent call volume, wait times for inbound calls have been longer than usual.
Our members are very important to us as are their questions and inquiries.
We will get to your call as soon as we can; please email [email protected] at any time for additional assistance.

References

  1. Flanigan J, Shepherd A, Majchrzak S, et al. US pet ownership and demographics sourcebook. Schaumburg, IL: American Veterinary Medical Association, 2007:1–3.
  2. Lue TW, Pantenburg DP, Crawford PM. Impact of the owner-pet and client-veterinarian bond on the care that pets receive. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2008;232:531–40.
  3. Volk JO, Felsted KE, Thomas JG, et al. Executive summary of the Bayer veterinary care usage study. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2011;238:1275–82.
  4. Bishop G, Cooney K, Cox S, et al. 2016 AAHA/IAAHPC end-of-life care guidelines. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2016;52:341–56.
  5. AAFP. 2021 AAFP End of Life Online Educational Toolkit. Available at: catvets.com/endoflife.
  6. Hoyumpa Vogt A, Rodan I, Brown M, et al. AAFP–AAHA feline life stage guidelines. J Feline Med Surg 2010;12:43–54.
  7.  Stone AE, Brummet GO, Carozza EM, et al. 2020 AAHA/AAFP feline vaccination guidelines. J Feline Med Surg 2020;22:813–30.
  8. Rodan I, Sundahl E, Carney H, et al. AAFP and ISFM feline-friendly handling guidelines. J Feline Med Surg 2011;13:364–75.
  9.  Carney HC, Little S, Brownlee-Tomasso D, et al. AAFP and ISFM felinefriendly nursing care guidelines. J Feline Med Surg 2012;14:337–49.
  10. AAFP. AAFP Cat Friendly Certificate Program. Available at: catvets.com/ certificate.
  11. AAFP. AAFP Cat Friendly Practices. Available at: catvets.com/cfp.
  12. Pittari J, Rodan I, Beekman G, et al. American Association of Feline Practitioners. Senior care guidelines. J Feline Med Surg 2009;11:763–78.
  13. AAFP Position Statement. Early spay and castration. Available at: catvets. com/public/PDFs/PositionStatements/ EarlySpay&Neuter.pdf.
  14. AAFP. Client brochures for cat owners. How do I know if my cat is in pain? Available at: https://catvets.com/guidelines/client-brochures.
  15. Gough A, Thomas A, O’Neill D. Part II: cat breeds. In: Gough A, Thomas A, O’Neill D, eds. Breed predispositions to disease in dogs and cats. 3rd ed. Chichester (UK): John Wiley & Sons; 2018:225–55.
  16. Hosie MJ, Addie DD, Boucraut-Baralon C, et al. Matrix vaccination guidelines: 2015 ABCD recommendations for indoor/outdoor cats, rescue shelter cats and breeding catteries. J Feline Med Surg 2015;17:583–7.
  17. Lappin MR, Elston T, Evans L, et al. 2019 AAFP feline zoonoses guidelines. J Feline Med Surg 2019;21:1008–21.
  18. Little S, Levy J, Hartmann K, et al. 2020 AAFP feline retrovirus testing and management guidelines. J Feline Med Surg 2020;22:5–30.
  19. Sadek T, Hamper B, Horwitz D, et al. Feline feeding programs: addressing behavioral needs to improve feline health and wellbeing.  J Feline Med Surg 2018;20:1049–55. AAFP Consensus Statement available at: catvets.com/guidelines/practice-guidelines/how-to-feed.
  20. AAHA. Body condition scoring (BCS) systems. Available at: http:// aaha.org/globalassets/02-guidelines/weight management/ weightmgmt_bodyconditionscoring.pdf.
  21. Whyte A, Gracia A, Bonastre C, et al. Oral disease and microbiota in free-roaming cats. Top Companion Anim Med 2017;32:91–5.
  22. Whyte A, Lacasta S, Whyte J, et al. Tooth resorption in Spanish domestic cats: preliminary data. Top Companion Anim Med 2020;38: 100369. DOI: 10.1016/j.tcam.2019.100369.
  23. Bennett D, Ariffin SMZ, Johnston P. Osteoarthritis in the cat: how common is it and how easy to recognise? J Feline Med Surg 2012;14:65–75.
  24. AAHA. 2010 AAHA nutritional assessment guidelines for dogs and cats. Available at: aaha.org/aaha-guidelines/nutritional-assessment-configuration/ nutritional-assessment-introduction/.
  25. Purina. Fecal Scoring Chart. Available at: https://www.proplanveterinarydiets.ca/ wp-content/uploads/2018/05/180107_PPPVD-Fecal-Scoring-Chart-UPDATE- EN-FINAL.pdf.
  26. Royal Canin. Fecal Scoring System for Cats. 2020. Available at: https:// royalcanin-us.my.salesforce.com/sfc/p/j0000001rD9A /a/5b000000QMW8/ 8FRFiG8lTxRVN0rrLvXHrb9shSxH3cqoC.XA .ltJj2s.
  27. Rozanski E. Feline lower airway disease. In: Little S, ed. August’s consultations in feline internal medicine. 7th ed. St. Louis (MO): Elsevier; 2016:447–51.
  28. Epstein ME, Rodan I, Griffenhagen G, et al. 2015 AAHA/AAFP pain management guidelines for dogs and cats. J Feline Med Surg 2015;17:251–72.
  29. Taylor SS, Sparkes AH, Briscoe K, et al. ISFM consensus guidelines on the diagnosis and management of hypertension in cats. J Feline Med Surg 2017;19:288–303.
  30. J, Scott EM, Calvo G, et al. Definitive Glasgow acute pain scale for cats: validation and intervention level. Vet Rec 2017;180:449.
  31. Kunder D, Foster J. Cutaneous manifestations of internal disease. In: Little S, ed. August’s consultations in feline internal medicine. 7th ed. St. Louis (MO): Elsevier; 2016:282–94.
  32. Hammerle M, Horst C, Levine E, et al. 2015 AAHA canine and feline behavior management guidelines. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2015;51:205– 21. Available at: https://www.aaha.org/behavior.
  33. Carney HC, Sadek TP, Curtis TM, et al. AAFP and ISFM guidelines for diagnosing and solving house-soiling behavior in cats. J Feline Med Surg 2014;16:579–98.
  34. Casey RA, Vandenbussche S, Bradshaw JWS, et al. Reasons for relinquishment and return of domestic cats (Felis silvestris catus) to rescue shelters in the UK. Anthrozoos 2009;22:347–58.
  35. Overall KL, Rodan I, Beaver B, et al. Feline behavior guidelines from the American Association of Feline Practitioners. 2004. Available at: catvets.com/ public/PDFs/PracticeGuidelines/ FelineBehaviorGLS.pdf.
  36. Estes RD. The behavior guide to African mammals. Berkeley (CA): University of California Press; 1991:349–57.
  37. Landsberg G, Hunthausen W, Ackerman L. Feline development. In: Behavior problems of the dog and cat. 3rd ed. Saunders, Elsevier; 2013:20–3.
  38. Ellis SLH, Rodan I, Carney HC, et al. AAFP and ISFM feline environmental needs guidelines. J Feline Med Surg 2013;15:219–30.
  39. AVMA. AVMA pet ownership and demographics sourcebook. 2017–2018 edition. Executive summary available at: https://www.avma.org/sites/ default/files/resources/AVMA-Pet-Demographics-Executive-Summary.pdf.
  40. Elzerman AL, DePorter TL, Beck A, et al. Conflict and affiliative behavior frequency between cats in multi-cat households: a survey-based study. J Feline Med Surg 2020;22:705–17.
  41. Bradshaw J. What is a cat, and why can cats become distressed? In: Sparkes A, Ellis S, eds. ISFM guide to feline stress and health: managing negative emotions to improve feline health and wellbeing. Tisbury (UK): ISFM; 2016:19–30.
  42. Overall KL. Manual of clinical behavioral medicine for dogs and cats. St. Louis (MO): Elsevier; 2013.
  43. Turner D, Bateson P. The domestic cat: the biology of its behavior. 2nd ed. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press; 2008:13–7.
  44. Reisner IR, Houpt KA, Erb HN, et al. Friendliness to humans and defensive aggression in cats: the influence of handling and paternity. Physiol Behav 1994;55:1119–24.
  45. Rodan I, Heath S. Feline behavioral health and welfare. St. Louis (MO): Elsevier; 2016:331.
  46. Collard RR. Fear of strangers and play behavior in kittens with varied social experience. Child Dev 1967;38:877–91.
  47. Caro TM. Predatory behaviour and social play in kittens. Behaviour 1981;76:1–24.
  48. Humphrey T, Proops L, Forman J, et al. The role of cat eye narrowing movements in cat–human communication. Sci Rep 2020;10:16503. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-73426-0.
  49. Yin S. Low stress handling, restraint and behavior modification of dogs and cats. Davis (CA): CattleDog Publishing; 2009:422.
  50. Koch CS. Teaching your pet to take medication. Available at: https:// www.lincolnlandac.com/sites/site-1900/documents/Medicating%20your% 20pet2.10.14.pdf.
  51. AAFP. Claw counseling: helping clients live alongside cats with claws. Available at: catvets.com/public/ PDFs/PositionStatements/ Scratching/Claw- Counseling.pdf.
  52. Wilson C, Bain M, DePorter T, et al. Owner observations regarding cat scratching behavior: an internet-based survey. J Feline Med Surg 2016;18:791–7.
  53. AAFP. Claw Friendly Educational Toolkit. Available at: catvets.com/ clawfriendly
  54. Hart BL, Barrett RE. Effects of castration on fighting, roaming and urine spraying in adult male cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1973;163:290–2.
  55. Borchelt PL. Cat elimination behavior problems. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1991;21:257–64.
  56. Nielson J. Thinking outside the box: feline elimination. J Feline Med Surg 2004;6:5–11.
  57. Neilson JC. The latest scoop on litter. Vet Med 2009;104:140–4. Available at: www.dvm360.com/view/latest-scoop-litter.
  58. Horwitz DF. Behavioral and environmental factors associated with elimination behavior problems in cats: a retrospective study. Appl Anim Behav Sci 1997;52:129–37.
  59. AAFP Position Statement. Impact of lifestyle choice on the companion cat: indoor vs outdoor. 2016. Available at: catvets.com/public/PDFs/ Content/Preview/ LifestyleChoicePositionStatement.pdf.
  60. Buffington CAT. External and internal influences on disease risk in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2002;220:994–1002. Available at: https://avmajournals. avma.org/doi/abs/10.2460/javma.2002.220.994.
  61. Rochlitz I. A review of the housing requirements of domestic cats (Felis silvestris catus) kept in the home. Appl Anim Behav Sci 2005;93:97–109.
  62. Clancy EA, Moore AS, Bertone ER. Evaluation of cat and owner characteristics and their relationships to outdoor access of owned cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2003;222:1541–5.
  63. Neville PF. An ethical viewpoint: the role of veterinarians and behaviourists in ensuring good husbandry for cats. J Feline Med Surg 2004;6:43–8.
  64. Toribio JLM, Norris JM, White JD, et al. Demographics and husbandry of pet cats living in Sydney, Australia: results of cross-sectional survey of pet ownership. J Feline Med Surg 2009;11:449–61.
  65. Rochlitz I. The welfare of cats. Dordrecht (Netherlands): Springer; 2005.
  66. Clarke DL, Wrigglesworth D, Holmes K, et al. Using environmental enrichment and feeding enrichment to facilitate feline weight loss. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2005;89:427. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439- 0396.2005.00611_1.x.
  67. AAFP Position Statement: Positive reinforcement for cats. 2012. Available at: catvets.com/public/ PDFs/PositionStatements/ PositiveReinforcement.pdf.
  68. DePorter TL. Use of pheromones in feline practice. In: Rodan I, Heath S, eds. Feline behavioral health and welfare. St. Louis (MO): Elsevier; 2015:235–44.
  69. Griffith CA, Steigerwald ES, Buffington CA. Effects of synthetic facial pheromone on behavior of cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2000;217:1154–6.
  70. Stevens BJ, Frantz EM, Orlando JM, et al. Efficacy of a single dose of trazodone hydrochloride given to cats prior to veterinary visits to reduce signs of transport- and examination-related anxiety. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2016;249:202–8.
  71. van Haaften KA, Eichstadt Forsythe LR, Stelow EA, et al. Effects of a single preappointment dose of gabapentin on signs of stress in cats during transportation and veterinary examination. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2017;251:1175–81.
  72. Lascelles BDX, Henry JB 3rd, Brown J, et al. Cross-sectional study of the prevalence of radiographic degenerative joint disease in domesticated cats. Vet Surg 2010;39:535–44.
  73. Gerard AF, Larson M, Baldwin CJ, et al. Telephone survey to investigate relationships between onychectomy or onychectomy technique and house soiling in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2016;249:638–43.
  74. Ellis JJ, McGowan RTS, Martin F. Does previous use affect litter box appeal in multi-cat households? Behav Processes 2017;141:284–90.
  75. Guy NC, Hopson M, Vanderstichel R. Litterbox size preference in domestic cats (Felis catus). J Vet Behav 2014;9:78–82.
  76. Grigg EK, Pick L, Nibblett B. Litter box preference in domestic cats: covered versus uncovered. J Feline Med Surg 2013;15:280–4.
  77. Horwitz DF. Common feline problem behaviors: urine spraying. J Feline Med Surg 2019;21:209–19.
  78. Cafazzo S, Bonanni R, Natoli E. Neutering effects on social behaviour of urban unowned free-roaming domestic cats. Animals (Basel) 2019;9. DOI: 10.3390/ani9121105.
  79. Buffington CA, Chew DJ, Kendall MS, et al. Clinical evaluation of cats with nonobstructive urinary tract diseases. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1997; 210:46–50.
  80. Buffington CAT, Westropp JL, Chew DJ, et al. Clinical evaluation of multimodal environmental modification (MEMO) in the management of cats with idiopathic cystitis. J Feline Med Surg 2006;8:261–8.
  81. Westropp JL, Buffington CAT. Feline idiopathic cystitis: current understanding of pathophysiology and management. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2004;34:1043–55.
  82. Bradshaw JWS. The evolutionary basis for the feeding behavior of domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) and cats (Felis catus). J Nutr 2006; 136(suppl 7):1927S–31S.
  83. Morris JG. Idiosyncratic nutrient requirements of cats appear to be diet-induced evolutionary adaptations. Nutr Res Rev 2002;15:153–68.
  84. AAHA. Raw protein diet. 2011. Available at: https://www.aaha.org/ about-aaha/aaha-position-statements/raw-protein-diet/.
  85. Freeman L, Becvarova I, Cave N, et al. WSAVA nutritional assessment guidelines. J Feline Med Surg 2011;13:516–25. Also available at: https:// wsava.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/WSAVA-Nutrition-Assessment- Guidelines-2011-JSAP.pdf.
  86. Stasiak M. The development of food preferences in cats: the new direction. Nutr Neurosci 2002;5:221–8.
  87. Turner DC. The human-cat relationship. In: Turner DC, Bateson P, eds. The domestic cat: the biology of its behaviour. 2nd ed. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press; 2008:194–206.
  88. Masserman JH. Experimental neuroses. Sci Am 1950;182:38.
  89. Fascetti AJ, Delaney SJ, eds. Applied veterinary clinical nutrition. Chichester (UK): John Wiley & Sons; 2012.
  90. Wichert B, Muller L, Gebert S, et al. Additional data on energy requirements of young adult cats measured by indirect calorimetry. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2007;91:278–81.
  91. Laflamme D. Development and validation of a body condition score system for cats: a clinical tool. Feline Pract 1997;25:13–8.
  92. Teng KT, McGreevy PD, Toribio J-A, et al. Strong associations of ninepoint body condition scoring with survival and lifespan in cats. J Feline Med Surg 2018;20:1110–8.
  93. Lund EM, Armstrong PJ, Kirk CK. Prevalence and risk factors for obesity in adult cats from private US veterinary practices. Int J Appl Res Vet Med 2005;3:88–96.
  94. Scarlett JM, Donohue S. Associations between body condition and disease in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1998; 212: 1725–1731.
  95. Segev G, Livne H, Ranen E, et al. Urethral obstruction in cats: predisposing factors, clinical, clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis. J Feline Med Surg 2011;13:101–8.
  96. Scarlett JM, Donoghue S, Saidla J, et al. Overweight cats: prevalence and risk factors. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 1994;18(suppl 1):S22–8.
  97. Courcier EA, Mellor DJ, Pendlebury E, et al. An investigation into the epidemiology of feline obesity in Great Britain: results of a crosssectional study of 47 companion animal practises. Vet Rec 2012;171:560. DOI: 10.1136/vr.100953.
  98. Baldwin K, Barges J, Buffington T, et al. AAHA nutritional assessment guidelines for dogs and cats. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2010;46:285–96. Also available at: https://www.aaha.org/globalassets/02-guidelines/nutritional- assessment/nutritionalassessmentguidelines.pdf.
  99. National Research Council. Nutrient requirements of dogs and cats. Washington DC: National Academies Press; 2006.
  100. Thatcher CD, Hand MS, Remillard RL. Small animal clinical nutrition: an iterative process. In: Hand MS, Thatcher CD, Remillard RL, et al., eds. Small animal clinical nutrition. 5th ed. Topeka (KS):MarkMorris Institute; 2010:3–21. Available at: https://s3.amazonaws.com/mmi_sacn5/2019/ SACN5_1.pdf.
  101. Miele A, Sordo L, Gunn-Moore DA. Feline aging: promoting physiologic and emotional well-being. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2020;50:719–48.
  102. Laflamme DP. Nutrition for aging cats and dogs and the importance of body condition. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2005;35:713–42.
  103. Harper EJ. Changing perspectives on aging and energy requirements: aging, body weight and body composition in humans, dogs and cats. J Nutr 1998;128(suppl 12):2627S–31S.
  104. Cupp C, Perez-Camargo G, Patil A, et al. Long-term food consumption and body weight changes in a controlled population of geriatric cats [abstract]. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 2004;26(suppl):60.
  105. Laflamme D. Effect of diet on loss and preservation of lean body mass in aging dogs and cats. In: Proceedings of the Companion Animal Nutrition Summit; May 3–5, 2018; Charleston, SC. pp 41–6.
  106. Hall JA, MacLeay J, Yerramilli M, et al. Positive impact of nutritional interventions on serum symmetric dimethylarginine and creatinine concentrations in client-owned geriatric cats. PLOS One 2016;11: e0153654. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0153654.
  107.  Bellows J, Berg ML, Dennis S, et al. 2019 AAHA dental care guidelines for dogs and cats. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2019;55:49–69. Available at: https://www.aaha.org/globalassets/02-guidelines/dental/aaha_dental_ guidelines.pdf.
  108. Milella L. Occlusion and malocclusion in the cat – what’s normal, what’s not and when’s the best time to intervene? J Feline Med Surg 2015;17:5–20.
  109.  Veterinary Oral Health Council. VOHC Accepted Products for Cats. Available at: http://www.vohc.org/ VOHCAcceptedProductsTable_Cats.pdf. Updated March 2020.
  110. AAFP. Cat Friendly Homes. How to care for your cat’s teeth. Available at: https://catfriendly.com/cat-care-at-home/routine-caregrooming/care-catsteeth.
  111. AAFP. Cat Friendly Homes. How to brush your cat’s teeth. Available at: https://catfriendly.com/cat-care-at-home/routine-caregrooming/how-tobrush-your-cats-teeth.
  112. Bellows J, Center S, Daristotle L, et al. Aging in cats: common physical and functional changes. J Feline Med Surg 2016;18:533–50.
  113. Gorrel C, Inskeep G, Inskeep T. Benefits of a ‘dental hygiene chew’ on the periodontal health of cats. J Vet Dent 1998;15:135–8.
  114. Logan EI, Berg ML, Coffman L, et al. Dietary control of feline gingivitis: results of a six-month study. In: Proceedings of the 13th Annual Veterinary Dental Forum; October 21–24, 1999; Baltimore, MD.
  115. Clarke DE, Caiafa A. Oral examination in the cat: a systematic approach. J Feline Med Surg 2014;16:873–86.
  116. Perry R, Tutt C. Peridontal disease in cats: back to basics – with an eye on the future. J Feline Med Surg 2015;17:45–65.
  117. American Veterinary Dental College. Position statement. Companion animal dental scaling without anesthesia. 2004. Available at: https:// avdc.org/?s=Dental+scaling+without+anesthesia.
  118. American Veterinary Dental College. Anesthesia free dentistry: know the facts. Available at: http://avdc.org/AFD/.
  119. Burns K. Below the surface of anesthesia-free dentistry. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2016;248:242–58. Available at: https://www.avma.org/javma-news/ 2016-02-01/below-surface-anesthesia-free-dentistry.
  120. Companion Animal Parasite Council. CAPC Guidelines. Available at: http://capcvet.org/guidelines.
  121. AAFP. Cat Friendly Homes. Keep your cat healthy – parasite prevention. Available at: https://catfriendly.com/keep-your-cat-healthy/parasite-prevention.
  122. Coin G. After 4 painful years, CNY woman’s mystery illness finally traced to rare tick-borne bacteria. Syracuse.com. Available at: https:// www.syracuse.com/health/2019/12/after-four-painful-years-a-cny-womansmystery-illness-finally-solved.html.
  123. Sonenshine DE. Range expansion of tick disease vectors in North America: implications for spread of tick-borne disease. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018;15:E478. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15030478.
  124. TVP. The state of heartworm incidence in the U.S. Today’s Veterinary Practice. Available at: https://todaysveterinarypractice.com/the-state-ofheartworm-incidence-in-the-united-states/.
  125. American Heartworm Society. Current feline guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis, and management of heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) infection in cats. 2014. Available at: American Heartworm Society. 2014 AHS Feline Guidelines. Available at: https://d3ft8sckhnqim2.cloudfront.net/images/ pdf/2014-AHS-Feline-Guidelines.pdf?1425399092.
  126. 126. Day MJ, Horzinek MC, Schultz RD, et al. WSAVA guidelines for the vaccination of dogs and cats. J Small Anim Pract 2016;57:E1–45. Available at: https://wsava.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/WSAVAVaccination- Guidelines-2015.pdf.
  127. Vaccine-Associated Feline Sarcoma Task Force. The current understanding and management of vaccine-associated sarcomas in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2005;226:1821–42.
  128.  CDC. Healthy pets, healthy people. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/healthypets/index.html.
  129. Stull JW, Bjorvik E, Bub J, et al. 2018 AAHA infection control, prevention, and biosecurity guidelines. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2018;54: 297–326. Available at: https://www.aaha.org/biosecurity.
  130.  van Bree FPJ, Bokken GCAM, Mineur R, et al. Zoonotic bacteria and parasites found in raw meat-based diets for cats and dogs. Vet Rec 2018; 182:50. DOI: 10.1136/vr.104535.
  131. Carney HC, Ward CR, Bailey SJ, et al. 2016 AAFP guidelines for the management of feline hyperthyroidism. J Feline Med Surg 2016;18:400–16.
  132. Sparkes AH, Caney S, Chalhoub S, et al. ISFM consensus guidelines on the diagnosis and management of feline chronic kidney disease. J Feline Med Surg 2016;18:219–39.
  133. Behrend E, Holford A, Lathan P, et al. 2018 AAHA diabetes management guidelines for dogs and cats. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2018;54:1–21. Available at: https://www.aaha.org/diabetes.
  134. AAFP. 2019 Diabetes Educational Toolkit. Available at: catvets.com/diabetes.
  135. Sparkes AH, Cannon M, Church D, et al. ISFM consensus guidelines on the practical management of diabetes mellitus in cats. J Feline Med Surg 2015; 17: 235–250.
  136. AAFP. 2021 Hypertension Educational Toolkit. Available at: catvets.com/ hypertension.
  137. Acierno MJ, Brown S, Coleman AE, et al. ACVIM consensus statement: guidelines for the identification, evaluation, and management of systemic hypertension in dogs and cats. J Vet Intern Med 2018;32: 1803–22.
  138. Fox PR, Rush JE, Reynolds CA, et al. Multicenter evaluation of plasma N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) as a biochemical screening test for asymptomatic (occult) cardiomyopathy in cats. J Vet Intern Med 2011;25:1010–6.

Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health USA Inc., CareCredit, Dechra Veterinary Products, Hill's Pet Nutrition, Inc., IDEXX Laboratories, Inc., Merck Animal Health, and Zoetis Petcare supported the development of the 2021 AAHA/AAFP Feline Life Stage Guidelines and resources through an educational grant to AAHA

biLogo.png
ccLogo.png
dechraLogo.png
dechraLogo.png
idexx.png
merck.png
zoetis.png