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* Woolf CJ. Pain: Moving from symptom control toward mechanism-specific pharmacologic management. Ann Intern Med 2004;140:1441–1451.
† IASP (International Association for the Study of Pain):
‡ MSN Encarta Dictionary:
§ Random House Webster’s College Dictionary. New York: Random House, 1997.
\ Gaynor J, Muir W. Handbook of Veterinary Pain Management. Saint Louis, MO: Elsevier Publishing, 2003.
 Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2000;30(4):704.
# Wikipedia:
** Hansen B. Managing pain in emergency and critical care patients. Proc Atlantic Coast Veterinary Conf. 2005.
†† Muir WW, Hubbell JA. Handbook of Veterinary Anesthesia. 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Publishing, 2006.

Source: AAHA/AAFP Pain Management Guidelines for Dogs and Cats, 2007. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2007; 43:235-248. All Rights Reserved.