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Infusion Confusion: Case-Based and Practical Fluid Therapy

Dr. Garret Pachtinger, DACVECC, will review fluid therapy in a case-based, clinical setting. Should you expect a review of the physiology of fluids and electrolyte homeostasis? NO. What about a review of the sodium-potassium pumps on cell membranes? Also NO! We will take a clinical and practical approach using various real-world clinical veterinary cases to discuss the importance of fluid therapy, fluid therapy types, dosing of those fluids, and assessing response to therapy. Most importantly, you will get take-home points and information to become a better on-the-floor clinician!


  • Review the different types of fluid therapy in clinical practice (e.g., crystalloids, synthetic colloids, natural colloids)
  • Review fluid therapy dosing and delivery options of that therapy
  • Review indications and contraindications of fluid therapy types in a case-based approach


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Garret Pachtinger, VMD, DACVECC


Garret Pachtinger is a board-certified veterinary specialist in emergency critical care who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania Veterinary School. He then pursued an internship at the Matthew J. Ryan Veterinary Hospital at the University of Pennsylvania, where he also completed an emergency fellowship and residency. He was previously an associate at the Veterinary Specialty and Emergency Center in Levittown, PA, and the internship director, trauma center medical director, and house officer program director for BluePearl. Dr. Pachtinger has been published in numerous veterinary journals, textbooks, and peer-reviewed learning tools, and is on the editorial board of Today’s Veterinary Practice. Dr. Pachtinger lectures throughout the world on emergency and critical care and is the co-founder and COO of VETgirl, the number one online CE resource for veterinary professionals.