Materials, instruments, and equipment

An assortment of correct dental surgical instruments is essential for adequate dental care. A “one size fits all” approach to dental surgical equipment is inadequate. Several different sizes of dental luxators, elevators, periosteal elevators, scalers, curettes, and mechanical scaler inserts make for a more comprehensive oral surgery suite. Dental instruments must be in proper working order and properly stored, with defective instruments repaired or discarded and replaced. Other dental materials, consumable dental equipment, and products must not be expired. As with any surgical instruments, all dental instruments must be cleaned and autoclaved between each use and stored in a sterile manner until the next use. Instruments may be autoclaved according to procedure, such as examination materials, suture packs, oral surgery instruments, exodontia instruments, periodontal surgery instruments, and materials. Additionally, materials used for guided tissue regeneration must be sterile and perioceutics used according to manufacturer recommendations. It goes without saying that proper knowledge of instrument use and storage is essential. Single-use items must be discarded after each patient use. If barrier sealants and dentin sealants are used, each must be selected and applied appropriately. References from the 2013 AAHA Dental Care Guidelines provide recommendations and information on ordering equipment.8,75–78 A basic assortment of recommended materials and instruments for veterinary dentistry is listed in Table 3. See the Resource center for additional resources on instruments.

Materials Needed for the Practice of Veterinary Dentistry*

Necessary materials
Necessary equipment


* Disposable items are for single use only.