Many dog trainers advocate the use of positive reward-based reinforcement rather than electronic collars. Now animal behavior specialists at the University of Lincoln in the U.K. have produced a study that supports the trainers' recommendation due to welfare concerns about the collars.
Doctors, Researchers Work to Find Cure, Treatments for Fibrotic Lung Disease in Humans and Pets
Scientists have long known—and the public is learning—that coronavirus outbreaks aren’t rare, and it’s likely that we can expect a new one to pop up and jump from animals to people every 10 years or so. One just did.
New research could change the way post-operative analgesia is administered in dogs, enabling patients to go home sooner and spend less time in the hospital. A study led by the University of Wisconsin-Madison’s School of Veterinary Medicine looked at the effectiveness of injecting dogs with extended-release opioids to provide long-term pain relief. The group of scientists, headed by UW veterinary anesthesiologist Lesley Smith, DVM, DACVA, used liposome-encapsulated hydromorphone made with dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine and cholesterol (DPPC-C hydromorphone) for the study. Different concentrations of the formulation, created at the university, were subcutaneously injected into healthy beagles. The concentration of hydromorphone in the dog’s blood serum was then measured at various intervals to determine whether the drug was working. “We extrapolated that certain serum levels (as shown in human studies) are correlated with surgical analgesia,” Smith said.
Cases of feline diabetes mellitus (DM) are cropping up at an alarming rate: As many as 1 in 100 cats in the US are now believed to have feline DM. Fortunately, diagnosing and treating it just got easier.
Advice to clients who are thinking about feeding their cats a homemade diet: think twice before downloading that cat food recipe—even if a veterinarian wrote it. A new study from researchers at the University of California, Davis (UC Davis), found that most cat food recipes found online are unlikely to provide cats all their essential nutrients. Some even call for ingredients potentially toxic to cats.
Antibiotics that don’t kill bacteria. Vaccines that don’t produce antibodies. Agents that prove their efficacy by producing no proven effects. In the alarming new world of antibacterial resistance, researchers around the world are turning received wisdom on its head. In the race to save humans and animals – quite literally – scientists are abandoning traditional approaches to defeat infection with deadly force, acknowledging that approach has been exhausted.
A study published in the June 15 edition of the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association compared 15 commercial dog milk replacers to genuine dog milk. According to researchers, some of the imitators come closer to mimicking the real thing than others, however all could stand to have their formulas tweaked.
Many veterinarians know that dogs of different ages have different dietary requirements. A new study provides another piece of evidence that supports the idea of age-based diets in dogs. A team of researchers from the University of Illinois has analyzed for the first time the gene expression profiles of colonic mucosa in dogs as a function of age and diet. The objective of the study was to compare the colonic mucosal gene expression in healthy young adult dogs with that of senior dogs that were fed two types of diet: animal-protein based and plant-protein based. The study found that "the colonic mucosa of senior dogs had increased expression of genes associated with cell proliferation, inflammation, stress response, and cellular metabolism, whereas the expression of genes associated with apoptosis and defensive mechanisms were decreased in senior vs. young adult dogs. No consistent diet-induced alterations in gene expression existed in both age groups, with the effects of diet being more pronounced in senior dogs than in young adult dogs."
When veterinary professionals consider the question of pets traveling on airplanes, the first thing that comes to mind may not be human allergies. But that is a major concern for the authors of a recent editorial in the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ). According to the article, Canadian air travelers “lost their access to dander-free flights in July 2009,” when Air Canada did away with a ban on small pets in the cabin. “It’s understandable that owners prefer to keep their small pets close when travelling and that airlines are keen to compete for their business,” the article reads. “But about 1 in 10 people have allergies to animals. Many will have an allergic reaction when they’re trapped in an enclosed space, often for hours, close to an animal.” The Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA) said it recognizes that pet allergies can be a serious health concern for some people, but it does not have a position on pets in airplane cabins.