Risk factors for infections in dogs and cats

Recognize risk factors for infections in cats and dogs and prevent or correct them whenever possible. These include, but are not limited to:

  • Urinary catheterization
  • Intravenous catheters
  • Wounds
  • Environmental factors (i.e., stress, crowding, poor hygiene, transportation, temperature extremes, poor ventilation, and high humidity)
  • Feline leukemia virus, feline immunodeficiency virus infection, or debilitating disease
  • Immunosuppressive drugs (e.g., chemotherapeutic agents and glucocorticoid therapy)
  • Endocrine diseases (i.e., diabetic cats are more prone to urinary tract, skin, and mouth infections; dogs with hyperadrenocorticism are more prone to skin and urinary tract infections)