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Table 1

Evaluation and monitoring parameters that may be used for patients receiving fluid therapy

  • Pulse rate and quality
  • Capillary refill time
  • Mucous membrane color
  • Respiratory rate and effort
  • Lung sounds
  • Skin turgor
  • Body weight
  • Urine output
  • Mental status
  • Extremity temperature
  • Packed cell volume/total solids
  • Total protein
  • Serum lactate
  • Urine specific gravity
  • Blood urea nitrogen
  • Creatinine
  • Electrolytes
  • BP
  • Venous or arterial blood gases
  • O2 saturation